The main source of their appearance - vienna of lower extremities. Reasons: lack of exercise, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, surgery and trauma, angiodysplasia.
According to a large study, babies born prematurely are at increased risk of venous thromboembolism in adolescence. They have a damaged system of biological protection. The study was published online July 28 in the journal Pediatrics (performers - Stanford University, California, and Lund University, Malmo, Sweden).
The number of preterm births is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism in its infancy, but in the long term the risk is unknown. There was conducted a study to assess the risks from birth to adolescence and develop system of biological protection.
The group of subjects consisted of 3,571,574 people living in the moment, born in Sweden from 1973 to 2008; This group included 206.844 preterm (gestational age less than 37 weeks).
The researchers found that 7.519 (0.2%), the main group was diagnosed venous thromboembolism. Low gestational age at birth is clearly correlated with thromboembolism in infants (aged less than 1 year: 47.16-fold increased risk of birth in 22 - 27 weeks in the 5.54 times - for 28-33 weeks, at 3.54 times - the risk at 34 - 36 weeks, 1.00 - 37-41 weeks). For younger children (aged 1-5 years) and young adults (18-38 years), the risks are as follows: 2.76 - for 22-27 weeks 1.53 - 28-33 weeks, 1.24 times - 34-36 weeks and 1.00 for 37-41 weeks. After further adjustment - exclusion of concomitant diseases, these associations have been reduced, but remained significantly elevated.
The authors concluded that low gestational age at birth was associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism in infancy, early childhood and adolescence.
Deep vein thrombosis occurs without symptoms in approximately 50% of cases. When symptoms occur, they may include:
* Swelling of the legs
* Crimson, bluish, marbled skin
* Low-grade fever
* Dull pain, induration and pain along the veins, leg pain (only when walking or standing)
Given a weak immune system and increased susceptibility to the dangers of premature babies environment, they need enhanced care. Company Westmedgroup Ltd. offers a wide range of medical equipment for neonatal (system of biological and chemical protection, pediatric terminals, monitors, ventilator, and shipping boxes incubators for newborns manufacturers, oxygen concentrators Weinmann, MZ Liberec), as well as designing and equipping of sterile chambers in pediatric wards (BLOCK).
Thorough study of construction, technological and operational tasks, taking into account the requirements stipulated by the relevant regulatory documents for the design of hospitals and polyclinics. 3D-visualization of architectural solutions and technological processes.
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